A microbial survey of the museal airborne fungal biodeteriogens

  • Hortensia Clara Radulescu
  • Georgeta Roșu
  • Cristina Popescu
  • Adriana Ispas
  • Veronica Lazăr
  • Pyerina Carmen Ghituleasa

Resumen

angible cultural heritage is exposed to multiple environmental risk factors able to affect its integrity and cultural function. Such factors are physical, chemical and also microbiological. Fungal biodeterioration is known to cause aesthetical and structural damage to materials, the effect increasing in the case of improper depositing or accidents like floods or water leakage. At the same time, air contamination with different fungal spores can add more a risking factor for heritage goods safety. Tracing of air biocontamination has a double significance: protection of museum` workers health from hazardous bio-aerosols and the control of the presence of biodeteriogens able to decompose museum pieces. The present paper will present the methodology used for the detection of the fungal species in the air of an ethnographical museum in Romania, in storage rooms, as well as in exposition rooms. Preliminary results show the predominance of fungal genera with known cellulolytic activity, such as Aspergillus, Penicillium and Cladosporium and direct correlation between the values of temperature and humidity and the concentration and types of air cultivable fungal species. Further more, the culture media used for the isolation of the air fungal species proved to be an important factor in the isolation methodology.

Biografía del autor

Hortensia Clara Radulescu

National Research and Development Institute for Textile and Leather, 16 Lucretiu Patrascanu St., sector 3, 030508, Bucharest, Romania.Hortensia Clara Radulescu is a biologist involved in research and development activities for twelve years. She holds a Bachelor degree in Biology, a Master degree in Genetics. She is currently involved in Doctoral Study programme at the Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest.

Georgeta Roșu

National Romanian Peasant Museum 3 Kiseleff St., 011341, Bucharest, Romania. Georgeta Rosu is Associate Professor at the Faculty of History, University of Bucharest, Since 1999 was the Director of the Museography Department, at the Romanian Peasant Museum.. She holds a PhD in History, in the history of mentalities field. She conducted numerous projects for organization of exhibitions in Romania and abroad and she is the author of several books and articles of ethnography and museology.

Cristina Popescu

National Romanian Peasant Museum. 3 Kiseleff St., 011341, Bucharest, Romania. Cristina Popescu holds a PhD in History, and MA in History at the University of Bucharest. She is curator of Collections Department at MNTR. Beteen 2012 -2016 she participated at the project „Complex System storage for cultural heritage assets MNTR – organizational scientific model and managerial efficiency”, project awarded with the prize for Museology, 2007.

Adriana Ispas

National Romanian Peasant Museum. 3 Kiseleff St., 011341, Bucharest, Romania.
Adriana Ispas is curator of Collections Department at MNTR. She holds a Postgraduate certificate – Conservation of Artworks and Historical Monuments, BA in Information and Documentation Sciences at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Letters (2008). She contributed to different expositions organized by the MNTR, as: Headdresses in the Traditional Village (2014), Traditional means of transportation in Romania (2013), Picu Patrut– The Last Great Miniaturist of Europe (2013).

Veronica Lazăr

Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 91-95, Bucharest, Romania. Veronica Lazăr is a University Professor, at the Biology Faculty, University of Bucharest. She is the Head of Microbiology and Botanic Department since 2004 and holds a PhD in Microbiology. She is specialised in Medical microbiology, Immunology, Microbial Ecology. She is the coordinator of student diplomas, master dissertations, doctoral and post-doctoral thesis. She was involved in over 38 reseach projects and is the author of 14 books and over 100 scientifique articles.

Pyerina Carmen Ghituleasa

National Research and Development Institute for Textile and Leather, 16 Lucretiu Patrascanu St., sector 3, 030508, Bucharest, Romania. Pyerina Carmen Ghituleasa is is a textile engineer, specialized in wool fibres. She holds a PhD in Industrial Engineering. She has over 37 publications, and over 50 conferences communications. She was the Coordinator of 3 international and 8 national projects.

 

Publicado
2017-06-30
Cómo citar éste artículo
RADULESCU, Hortensia Clara et al. A microbial survey of the museal airborne fungal biodeteriogens. Ge-conservación, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 11, p. 86-94, jun. 2017. ISSN 1989-8568. Disponible en: <http://ge-iic.com/ojs/index.php/revista/article/view/457>. Fecha de acceso: 21 sep. 2017

Palabras clave

tangible heritage; heritage textiles; ethnographical textiles; ethnographical museum; fungal biodeterioration; air microbial load; aerobiology; cellulolytic fungi

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